Population: 58,126,212 (July 2009 est.)
Government Type: Republic
Currency: Euro (EUR)
Geopolitical Borders: Italy is comprised of 20 unique regions (further divided into provinces), each with its own cuisine, climate, customs and traditions.
National Holiday: Republic Day, June 2 (1946)
German (parts of Trentino-Alto Adige region)
French (small French-speaking minority in Valle d'Aosta region)
Slovene (Slovene-speaking minority in the Trieste-Gorizia area)
Chief of state: President Giorgio Napolitano (since May 15, 2006)
Head of government: Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi (since May 8, 2008)
Cabinet: Council of Ministers nominated by the prime minister and approved by the president
Elections: president elected by an electoral college consisting of both houses of Parliament and 58 regional representatives for a seven-year term; prime minister appointed by the president and confirmed by Parliament
Legislative Branch: Bicameral Parliament: Senate (Senato della Repubblica) and Chamber of Deputies (Camera dei Deputati)
Holy See (Vatican City)
iron and steel
Some information courtesy of the CIA World Factbook 2009.